Jacquard weave produces raised patterns in complex and intricate detail and are woven on a jacquard loom. Warp yarns are individually controlled, allowing for complex interweaving, creating sharp patterns of amazing complexity. The fabric is generally more expensive because the weaving process takes longer to complete. It is incredibly durable and is great for upholstering fine furniture and creating drapes and curtains. A variety of fibres can be used to create Jacquard upholstery fabric.
The loom and fabric derive their name from Joseph Marie Jacquard who invented a special mechanical loom in the early 19th century. Pasteboard punch cards were used to thread yard individually so complex patterns could be created even by inexperienced weavers. It was one of many textile advances that contributed to the industrial revolution and was the beginning of modern mass-produced consumer products.
The durability of the jacquard make it the perfect choice for coverings needed to last for prolonged periods, such as the upholstery of furniture. It is also used for curtains and draperies where a heavier cloth is indicated. Jacquard weave comes in Brocades, Brocatelles, Matelassés, Tapestries and Satin Façonné, a Jacquard fabric that has a background of satin weave. All of these make extremely elegant draperies and can be coordinated with upholstery fabric to redecorate rooms in understated good taste.
The fabric is more resilient than other weaves and can feature detailed patterns with lustre contrast. The textiles do have floats and are prone to snagging, but are generally a great fabric for use in your redecorating scenario. You can find hundred of choices of specific fibres and patterns from which to choose and can achieve the exact look you want. Furniture re-upholstered in the fabric is very complementary with the décor of dens, libraries, dining areas and living rooms.
Maintenance is very easy and usually requires only light vacuuming or dusting to restore appearance. One should perform these tasks regularly, however, because any dirt build-up will become embedded in the fibres and make cleaning more difficult and reduce the life of the textile. When cleaning, cushions and throw pillows should never be removed from their covers. The backing of the textile can be damaged and the fabric will wrinkle and shrink. Zips on throws and cushions are provided as a way for upholsterers to stuff packing materials, and should not be removed unless being immediately replaced.
The fabrics should be kept out of direct sunlight to prevent colours from fading and newspaper and computer printouts should never be placed on them because the ink can stain. You should also avoid using dangerous or corrosive chemicals around fine furniture because accidental spills can cause unsightly damage. Stains should be quickly blotted in most cases, unless caused by thick material such as mud. This should be allowed to dry, then scraped and vacuumed.
If spot treatment is required, choose a mild upholstery or fabric cleaner and test an area in back before proceeding. The fabrics are generally treated with stain repellents but their effectiveness fades as a function of time. Even Scotch-guarded fabrics will not remain undamaged forever. The best choice to extend the life of these fine weaves is to have them cleaned by professional upholstery cleaners when needed. Your jacquard upholstery fabric will last much longer and retain its gorgeous appearance as well.
Your choices include Chenilles, Robert Allen, Richloom, Chateau Satin, Home Accents Raj Cream and Raj Pear, Embroidered Chenille and many other brand names, styles, colours and patterns. If your weave must be stored for a time, always launder it to remove stains, dust and bugs before storing. Store in natural cloth bags or coverings. Plastic fumes and acids found in cardboard or wood can damage the fabric. You should also avoid storage in attics and basements where mould, mildew, insects and other pests may be a threat. After prolonged storage it may be necessary to air out the textile before use.